Hair loss is one of the toughest medical challenges because of its complex etiology and huge impact on esthetics in both females and males. Problems with hair growth can sometimes cause psychological issues, especially in addition to depression and other health issues. Concrete solutions on how to stop hair thinning and how to stop hair loss have not yet been established, but scientists are making some movements in that direction.
Hair loss might occur in response to a broad spectrum of health conditions, and although it is much more dominant in men, female hair thinning is not unusual. Hair grows from a dermal structure called a hair follicle, and each follicle passes through several phases, followed by regeneration of the follicle. In some scenarios, hair follicles fail to execute hair growth in different phases of their life cycle.
Hair loss in adult men is most commonly androgenetic alopecia. In this condition, the hair follicles are oversensitive to male sex hormones, which negatively affects their viability. This form of alopecia produces a hair loss called male pattern baldness, where the hair disappears first from temporal regions symmetrically. With time, hair thinning spreads to other parts of the scalp, which causes discontent with the appearance and stress among some men.
Female hair thinning usually manifests later in life, often after menopause, due to hormonal imbalance or in connection with intake of some medications. Women typically experience diffuse hair thinning which rarely causes complete hair loss.
Stress is very often discussed in the same context with hair loss, usually in combination with the genetic predisposition. Stress can aggravate the existing problem, or trigger some autoimmune conditions, such as alopecia areata. This condition manifests as sudden extreme hair loss. Although it can be cured by pulse corticosteroid therapy, the relapses are common in susceptible persons. In general, this problem has a very variable expression, from slight thinning to total baldness.
Choices for male and female hair loss prevention and treatment differ substantially, especially in the case of hormonal therapy. Medications for men include inhibitors of androgen hormones, such as finasteride and dutasteride, while spironolactone has been used to stop hair thinning in women. These treatments are limited in their ability to stop it and help promote hair regrowth.
The market is full of various products proposing different solutions. The most frequent example is a shampoo for men containing carnitine, an amino acid crucial for cellular metabolism. Besides existing evidence, there are however controversial opinions on whether topically applied carnitine can help promote the viability of the cells forming the hair follicle.
Currently, experts in this area are focusing on prevention. Besides early recognition and symptomatic treatment of the affected areas, genetic counseling is an approach that can help to counteract this problem.
Our dermatology experts could help you to choose the most efficient hair loss treatment depending on your particular causes and stage of the condition. You can contact us for more details in a way that is more convenient for you
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